Lyme disease is an infectious disease that is caused by a bite of ticks of the genus Ixodes. It is a parasite of animals and humans that can paralyze by bite and sometimes it injects a bacterium known as Borrelia burgdorferi. When it injects the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi it causes a disease which is known as Lyme disease. Furthermore, it is a disease in which rashes form on the body and start spreading to other parts. Other Symptoms of Lyme Disease such as muscle pain, joint pain, headache, tiredness, etc. Timely diagnosis can be difficult because its symptoms cannot be identified during the bite. After 6 to 8 months or a year, repeated episodes of joint pain and muscle stiffness show symptoms, and your doctor can easily identify the disease.
Signs and Symptoms of the Lyme Disease
The sign and symptoms can be identified in the early stages, but some of the symptoms are headache, fever, rashes, pain in joints, pain in muscles, and muscle stiffness. Symptoms can be identified and can be felt after 6 to 8 months. Therefore, after 6 months it can paralyze the body parts and can cause death. During the bite, the ticks attach to the body for 24 hours and inject bacteria into the body.
Preventions and Precautions
The WHO and other health-related organizations have given precautionary measures to prevent Lyme disease. Some of the prevention is as follows:
- Reduce the time of tick
- Avoid exposure to woodland, grassy areas, and where tick habitat is
- The season in which tick habitat becomes large, take care in these seasons-between April and September.
- See a doctor if you find any of the
- Spraying cloth, grass, and woodland, where ticks can be present.
- Use of tick repellent lotions and suspension on the skin of body parts that are exposed to ticks.
- After coming from outside, check clothes and pets for
Causes of Lyme Disease
Lyme is an infectious disease that can spread and it is due to bites by ticks of the genus Ixodes. Bite of the parasite in both animals and humans injects bacteria known as genus Borrelia which is the main cause of Lyme disease. Furthermore, it can be found in grasslands, woodlands, animal farms, and other habitats. If ticks stick to the body for 24 to 48 hours it causes Lyme disease. The signs and symptoms Lyme Disease can’t be identified in its early stages, but when it becomes severe after 6 to 8 months it shows another episode. So, before it becomes worse and starts showing severe signs and symptoms like paralysis, muscle cramps, muscle pain, and muscle stiffness one must see a doctor.
Diagnosis of Lyme Disease
The Symptoms Lyme Disease is mostly useful for the diagnosis of Lyme disease-like body rashes, fever, muscle pain, muscle stiffness, and joint pain, and it starts showing signs after 6 to 8 months. Thus, physicians can diagnose the disease after knowing the medical history of the patient. For diagnosis doctors use different tests to identify the bacteria present in the body of the patient. The tests are differential diagnosis, imaging, and laboratory tests.
Treatment and Medication
Mostly antibacterial medicines are used to treat Lyme disease, but for fever, antipyretics are used, and for muscle and joint pains anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used.
Furthermore, there is a vaccination for Lyme disease bacteria, so intravenous treatment is better than other methods. The vaccines found in the market are VLA15, LYMErix, etc.
Conclusion: Lyme Disease
Lyme disease is a bacterial disease that is caused by a bite of a parasite the tick of the genus Ixodes. It injects bacteria into the body which causes Lyme disease. To begin with, there are different signs and symptoms of the disease like muscle pain, muscle stiffness, joint pain, headache, fever, rashes, paralysis, etc. which can cause death when it becomes severe. But the main signs of Lyme disease are rashes and paralysis of the body.
Moreover, the cause of Lyme disease is a bite of the parasite, the tick whose habitat is long grass, woodland, and animal farms, so those who are exposed to these areas can be affected by Lyme disease. Furthermore, the treatment and vaccination are available for Lyme disease which must be done timely at its early stages. Finally, it is a curable disease if it is identified timely and started treatment.
Therefore, every infectious disease must be treated timely. If not, it can be worse and can take life.