What is Myocardial Infarction
Heart attack is also known as myocardial infarction, generally it is blockage of blood supply to heart muscles. Myocardial infarction is due to plaque formation in the arteries. When the plaque breaks (rupture), a clot of blood quickly forms which cause myocardial infarctions. Myocardial infarctions in general is a deadly medical emergency where your heart muscles begin to die rapidly. Therefore, the supply of oxygen to the heart muscle becomes low which causes dysfunction in the heart. In most cases death occurs if not timely addressed. Sometimes myocardial infarctions occur without blockage of blood vessels, but mostly it is due to clot formation in the blood vessels.
What are the Causes of Myocardial Infarction
Myocardial infarctions is a heart disease which is due to blockage of blood vessels which supply blood to heart muscles. The blockage occur owing to many reasons which includes:
- The blockage of blood vessels, the blockage due to plaque formation in arteries and its rupture results in clot formation.
- The formation of sticky substances in blood vessels.
- The myocardial infarctions (heart attack) can be possible without blockage of blood vessels, the reasons are; spasm of the artery, rare medical conditions, trauma, blockades that came from elsewhere in the body, electrolyte imbalance, eating disorder.
Symptoms of Myocardial Infarction
The cases of myocardial infarction are mostly prominent which can be noted by anybody, but in severe cases it can be judged when attacks occur. Though there are symptoms which can be judged before the attack and some are unknown to laymen without consultation to the physician. The symptoms of myocardial infarctions are as follow:
- Angina, a chest pain can be slight and it is like a discomfort or heaviness, and can be severe pain in chest.
- Difficulty in breathing and shortness of breath.
- Heartburn, nausea, or stomach discomfort which in most cases is mistaken for indigestion.
- Hallucination and anxiety.
Electrocardiography (ECG): and Myocardial Infarctions
Electrocardiography is a process by which it is possible to produce an electrocardiograph. Therefore, it is recording of the heart’s activities which are electrically functioning. ECG generates an electrogram of the heart, a graph of heart voltage vs time, which shows the electrical activity of the heart. Furthermore, it is a wavy graph which consists of P, Q, R, S, and T waves. Each wave shows the heartbeats. The three main components of ECG such as: P wave, which shows depolarization of atria; QRS complex, which shows depolarization of ventricle; T wave, which shows the repolarization of the ventricle. Therefore, ECG measures the abnormalities of the heart which can be due to changes in cardiac rhythms, atrial fibrillation, and ventricular tachycardia. The inadequate electrocardiograph shows the heart’s dysfunction.
ICD-10: and Myocardial Infarction
International Classification of Diseases-10 (ICD-10), which is maintained by World Health Organization (WHO) and it uses Clinical Modification algorithm to collect data, monitoring drug safety usage, and assessing drug effectiveness in healthcare sector. It is a step by step procedure to solve problems. The ICD revision started in the 1860s, and it was adopted in 1900 all over the world. Consequently, the series comes to ICD-11, but most states of the world use ICD-10 of 2015. Work on ICD-10 began in 1983. Thus, ICD-10 focuses mainly on myocardial infarctions icdn10, and gives codes to diagnose its causes and symptoms. The code for diseases of the circulatory system is I00-199.
Precautionary Measures for Myocardial Infarction
Myocardial infarctions is a deadly heart disease, so it ought to adopt apt precautionary measures. Some of the precautionary are as follow:
- Stop smoking, if you smoke, quit it.
- Healthy and good nutrition.
- Control high blood cholesterol.
- Maintain physical health, and do healthy activities every day.
- Should have a healthy weight.
- Try to reduce stress.
- Abstaining alcohol.
Conclusion: the Myocardial Infarction (Heart Attack)
In conclusion, every disease is bad for human beings, but myocardial infarction is a deadly disease which can cause instant death of a person. To begin with, there are many causes of myocardial infarctions which are avoidable. Furthermore, there are many symptoms as mentioned in the above paragraphs, if timely addressed can cheat death due to myocardial infarction causes. Moreover, the World Health Organization and ICD give us precautionary measures and keep up to date with new symptoms and medications of myocardial infarction. So, myocardial infarction is a deadly disease and everyone should adopt precautionary measures and timely consultation with a physician.
Please read the whole article, for the awareness of myocardial infarction and its precautionary measures, if you have any queries please comment we will like to respond to your worthy comments.